On September 1, 2023, Russia implemented a new law known as the “On Taxi” law, bringing about significant changes in Russian Taxi Prices on the passenger transportation sector. This legislation allows self-employed individuals to work as taxi drivers but imposes certain restrictions on those with criminal records and unpaid fines.
The consequences of these new regulations are multifaceted and may include a potential shortage of taxi drivers, which could lead to soaring prices for taxi services. Moreover, the introduction of mandatory insurance expenses for drivers adds another layer of complexity to the evolving landscape of the Russian taxi industry.
Russian Taxi Prices on the Rise
According to data from Rosstat, the cost of a taxi ride in the summer of 2023 reached a ten-year high. In June, the price per kilometer stood at 32.53 rubles, marking a noticeable escalation in taxi fares. This upward trend in taxi prices began in April 2021 and continued to intensify throughout the first half of 2023. It’s worth noting that the actual cost of taxi rides in 2023 exceeded Rosstat’s reported figures, with regional prices surging by approximately 25% and Moscow experiencing an even more substantial 40% increase in taxi fares.
Factors Contributing to Taxi Price Increases
Several factors have been driving the increase in taxi prices in Russia. First and foremost, taxi fares mirror the broader trend of inflation affecting various goods and services. The rising cost of living for taxi drivers necessitates fare hikes to maintain profitability, even without official indexation. Additionally, the imposition of sanctions following a special operation has led to increased costs associated with vehicles, maintenance, spare parts, and consumables, all of which are absorbed by taxi operators.
Anticipating Further Price Hikes
The taxi industry in Russia is bracing for continued price hikes in the foreseeable future. The most recent legislation that Russian President Vladimir Putin signed makes motor liability insurance for taxi drivers mandatory, incurring a significant cost above and beyond standard auto insurance. Additionally, if there is no insurance coverage, taxi ordering services will share responsibility with drivers for passenger accident compensation. The law also mandates that drivers undergo medical examinations and fill out travel forms before each shift, with the associated costs falling squarely on individual entrepreneurs and self-employed drivers.
Eligibility to Work in the Taxi Industry
The “On Taxi” law imposes certain eligibility criteria for individuals looking to work in the taxi industry. One notable provision is the prohibition of individuals with specific criminal convictions from engaging in taxi services. Additionally, the law restricts those with multiple unpaid fines for administrative offenses and those who have had their licenses revoked or faced administrative arrest for traffic violations within a year after license reinstatement. These restrictions aim to ensure a certain level of safety and trustworthiness among taxi drivers.
Streamlining the Taxi Market
Starting September 1, 2023, the Federal Information System for passenger taxis will be fully operational. This system collects data to facilitate better regulation of the taxi market and encourages unregistered drivers to formalise their status. While some provisions of the law, such as restrictions on individuals with criminal records, have already taken effect, others are pending decisions from regional authorities. These pending provisions include driver certification and regulations regarding taxi car color schemes, which are expected to further shape the industry.
Streamlining the Taxi Market
One of the most significant concerns arising from the new law is the potential shortage of taxi drivers in the market. Some drivers with criminal records have already left the industry due to the imposed restrictions, while others who could potentially register as self-employed taxi drivers also have convictions. This impending shortage of qualified drivers is likely to place further upward pressure on transportation prices, making it a critical issue for both the industry and the public.
Streamlining the Taxi Market
Beginning on September 1, 2024, the “On Taxi” law introduces compulsory insurance of the carrier’s liability to passengers. This insurance covers payouts of up to 2 million rubles in the event of a passenger’s death during a trip. The introduction of this mandatory insurance is expected to have a significant impact on travel prices, as the associated insurance premiums are anticipated to be substantial. These additional costs will inevitably affect the overall cost of taxi services, making it essential for consumers to consider the potential financial implications when using taxis in Russia.
Steady Demand Despite Price Increases
Surprisingly, the demand for taxi services in Russia has remained relatively steady despite the ongoing price increases. However, the future of demand hinges on whether prices continue to rise unabated. While the convenience of taxi services may offset some price sensitivity among consumers, there is a limit to how much passengers are willing to pay for their transportation needs.
Russia’s “On Taxi” law, which came into effect on September 1, 2023, has ushered in significant changes in the passenger transportation sector. These changes include the relaxation of regulations for self-employed taxi drivers, the introduction of eligibility criteria, and mandatory insurance requirements. While the new law aims to enhance safety and regulate the taxi market, it has also led to rising taxi prices, the potential for a shortage of drivers, and increased financial burdens on both drivers and passengers.
The impact of these changes on the Russian taxi industry remains to be fully realised, and stakeholders will closely monitor developments to assess how the industry evolves in response to the “On Taxi” law. Ultimately, the law’s success will depend on its ability to strike a balance between ensuring passenger safety, maintaining affordability, and fostering a competitive and sustainable taxi market.